The family of N M Rothschild by William Hobday 1820
The Five Rothschild brothers by Raunheim, 1852
The Rothschilds are a large family with branches across Europe. The Rothschilds trace their origins back to the 15th century. During most of that time they lived in the confines of the Jewish ghetto in Frankfurt. Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744-1812), the founding father took the first steps in the business of banking, and encouraged his five sons to work together in partnership.
In 1798, at the age of 21, Nathan Mayer Rothschild (1777-1836) left Frankfurt, to set up in England, at first as merchant in Manchester. In 1809 he moved to the City of London, where he developed banking activities. Nathan’s increasingly successful business as a banker in London provided a model for his brothers back in Frankfurt.
In 1812, James Mayer Rothschild (1792-1868) established a banking house in Paris. Salomon Mayer Rothschild (1774-1855) settled in Vienna in 1820, where the family were already active in Imperial finance. Finally, Carl Mayer Rothschild (1788-1855) set up business in Naples, leaving Amschel Mayer (1773-1855), to head the Frankfurt bank. From these roots, the Rothschild banking business spread out across much of Europe becoming the most successful international bankers of the age. The core banking business is today in the hands of the seventh generation of Rothschilds.
Rothschilds have been active in politics as MPs and advisers to politicians and Governments. They have contributed to the world of science and natural history. In addition to banking, the Rothschild name is world-known for the production of fine wine. The Rothschilds have been some of the most prominent philanthropists, supporting medical, educational, cultural and Jewish causes across the globe.
This website contains a full family tree or genealogy that you can navigate to find out more about the individual family members and the different branches of the family.